DRR & Emergency Response

FAST FACT

  • Theme: Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Emergency Response (ER)
  • Key donors: USAIDS, ECHO, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan
  • Local Partners: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Education and Training, Red Cross, People’s Committees at all levels
  • Locations: Yen Bai, Son La, Hai Phong, Thanh Hoa, Dien Bien, Quang Ninh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Ha Tinh, Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Gia Lai, Khanh Hoa, Ca Mau, Dong Thap, Tien Giang
  • Key beneficiaries: Disaster affected people

Vietnam is one of the five most disaster prone countries in the world because of its geographic situation and long coastline exposed to typhoons. Hit time after time by floods, typhoons as well as droughts, the country is also on the list of priority countries of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). 

Because of its exposed coastal location, Vietnam is also one of those most severely affected by climate change. It is estimated that a sea level rise of one meter would reduce Vietnam's land mass by 10%. Some climate trends are already felt in Vietnam nowadays, such as a rise in average temperatures, lower annual precipitations, and increased rainfall during the autumn months and more frequent extreme weather conditions such as heat waves, cold spells and up to 8 or 10 annual typhoons, with a rising trend.

Since 1953, more than 68 million Vietnamese have been affected by some natural disaster at least once, with central Vietnam particularly vulnerable, as this part of the country is hit by 65% of the storms, typhoons and floods which occur in Vietnam.

In order to address this issue, The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and the Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control (CCFSC) has been mandated by the Government of Vietnam as the planning and coordinating agency for the implementation of Disaster Risk Management services at the national level. These institutions are working on several fronts simultaneously, endeavoring to set up community interfaces including strengthening disaster response mechanisms, developing guidelines and policies for effective DRM, drawing up legislations and trying to ensure compliance, integrating DRM into schools and building up awareness among the population on disaster management.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

Being one of the most active organizations working on both development and humanitarian response work in Vietnam, our objectives are:

  • To be one of the top organizations supporting disaster management in Vietnam
  • To become the leading humanitarian response agency for the most vulnerable population focused on children
  • To become an agency with a defined culture of humanitarian action

STRATEGIC APPROACHES

We have been applied two approaches, including (1) Supporting disaster affected people to recover through providing in-kind supports like food and non-food items, education package, etc., and (2) Building capacity to cope with disaster through improving their disaster management planning, budgeting and testing their functions to cope with the disasters.

DELIVERABLES

  • Thousands of households in the North, Central and the South especially Yen Bai, Son La, Hai Phong, Thanh Hoa, Dien Bien, Quang Ninh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Ha Tinh, Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Gia Lai, Khanh Hoa, Ca Mau, Dong Thap, Tien Giang provinces have been supported and benefited directly from our program. Their capacity to cope with disaster has been also strengthened.
  • The capacity of local partners like the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Education and Training, Red Cross and People’s Committees at all levels in term of disaster management planning, budgeting and functions to cope with the disasters has been strengthened.
  • The commune emergency response teams has been equipped with necessary technical knowledge to be ready for search and rescue. The early warning system in the exposed areas was upgraded.
  • The government’s operation in disaster responses has been improved through simulation exercises, learning and equipment.
  • School teachers and children have been engaged in planning for disaster preparedness and response.

LESSONS LEARNED

  • The linkage among communes, districts and provinces plays an important role to improve the communities’ resilience and reduce loss and damage caused by the disasters.
  • Behavior change communication needs to be focused and extended so that messages for a safe community is delivered to all people, especially in remote areas. Children are active communicators to their families and communities.
  • Hardware and software mitigation measures should be implemented together at community and schools.