DRR & CC

FAST FACT

  • Theme: Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Emergency Response (ER), climate change adaptation and mitigation & resilience  
  • Key donors: USAIDS, ECHO, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, SC Korea, SCUS
  • Key Partners: Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Education and Training, Red Cross, People’s Committees at all levels, Women Union
  • Locations: Yen Bai, Son La, Dien Bien, Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai Hue, Da Nang Gia Lai, Ca Mau Tien Giang
  • Key beneficiaries: Children and local residents and local authorities affected by natural disasters due to impacts of climate change 

According to a report in 2018 on potential impact of a 1.50 C rise in global temperature above pre-industrial average by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Vietnam is cited among nine countries where at least 50 million people will be exposed to impacts of rising sea level and more powerful storms among other dangers. The country’s diverse geography that’s exposed to various hazards including floods, drought, typhoon storms and landslide, sea level rise, saline intrusion as a result of climate change. There will continue to be extreme weather events as present, but coming faster than anticipated, more intense, more frequent and more difficult to predict. In 2017, 16 storms and six tropical depressions formed in the East Sea, of which five storms and three tropical depressions directly hit Vietnam and caused 386 people dead and missing and some USD 2,6 billion worth of damages[1]. In 2018, Vietnam was hit by 13 typhoons and tropical depressions that caused damage worth around USD858 million, 389 deaths and 668 injured[2]. In 2020 there were 14 storms and several depressions that triggered heavy flooding and landslide in the central region from Oct to Nov made 230 people dead and missing, and also caused damage worth USD 1,6 billion[3].

Different segments of population suffer different and disproportionate social impacts of disasters. Disparities between rural and urban areas remain obvious, determining access to public facilities, services and availability of supplies that will provide a cushion from shocks due to extreme natural disaster and climate events, as well as support individuals and households in managing chronic stress from prolonged and accumulated impacts. Of the above affected communities, for instance, women and other vulnerable groups, including poor families, children, disabled and elderly people suffered disproportionate impacts of hazard as well. Children are affected disproportionately by climate change-enhanced disasters and also by lesser climate change stresses. It’s children that are hit hardest by climate related disasters when drought damages their families’ crops, when typhoons demolish their homes and schools or when rising sea level contaminate the water they drink. Access to food, water, education and health care is threatened. The pressure on communities resulting from loss of income and assets, increases children’s exposure to violence, exploitation and abuse and decrease the ability of the families to provide sufficient nutrition or care. children and youth are not included in discussions or decisions on climate change and adaptation, which compounds their vulnerability and the negative impact of climate change on their physical and mental health. Children are physiologically less able to adapt to increasing temperature and are more at risk of illness or death from water borne diseases. Direct and indirect trauma from disasters caused by climate change can negatively impact a child’s psychological and social development., and children are more likely than adults to be physically injured or even killed during these extreme weather events.

STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

To build resilience of children and communities to address the negative effects of climate change environment and pandemic on their lives for the period 2022- 2024. This includes child sensitive and social protection; food security and livelihood; water, sanitation and hygiene and integrated approach.

STRATEGIC APPROACHES

  • Support disasters affected communities to recover through in- kind assistance and cash transfer program
  • Child participation and disaster risk reduction in school and in communities
  • Community based climate change adaptation, mitigation and resilience and Natural based solutions and Ecosystem based Adaptation
  • Safe School common Approach
  • Forecast based action

[1] 2017 plagued by devastating natural disasters - Society - Vietnam News | Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports - VietNam News

[2] Natural disasters kill 181, cost Vietnam $858 million in 2018 - VnExpress International

[3] Natural disasters cost Vietnam $1.6 bln in 2020 - VnExpress International